Many ancient Roman clothes were made from wool, though Roman clothing progressed to fabric after wool was replaced by linen and cotton. Early clothes were made out of home-made wool clothing, but as time progressed, clothing was made by craftsmen and eventually fabric was supplemented with cotton and linen. Most clothing was worn on the feet and wrists. Clothing was also not worn on the upper arms. Early Roman clothing consisted mainly of pants and shirts, which were usually made from the woolen material, but it is uncertain if these garments had pockets, belts, or buttons.
The basic garments worn in ancient Rome were the jacket, trousers, shirt, dress shirt, cuffs, and tie. Men’s outerwear consisted of a short sleeved jacket that had a collar; long sleeved jackets were available with no collar. Pants often had no shoes at all. Clothes meant for women were usually shorter than men’s, were sometimes made of cloth and sometimes made of wool. Clothing meant for infants consisted of a plain and thin dress with small pouches or buttons for baby bottles or nipples. The dress was washed in cold water.
Clothing that is called “Roman” is made of wool and linen. The woolen garments are generally thick and coarse to prevent them from cracking or tearing when washed. Linen clothes were made of fine fabric that made them easy to care for and clean. Clothing meant for women were either made of wool or had pleated skirts that could be tied with a bow or ribbon. The pants worn by men usually were of thick fabric like suede. The cuffs were made of leather or metal to prevent them from slipping. Clothes meant for infants were similar to adult clothing.